London, United Kingdom
Independent Design Study
Rutherford Harvey Architecture LLP
2,360 m² (25,402 ft²)
20 storeys, 70.650m tall
-Adapting the Campanile
Historically a campanile is a tall slim structure with a belfry often adjacent to a church or municipal building marking the centre of a community. Tower forms have been adopted over the years as signs of wealth, protection and establishing a new direction or presence. Campaniles, light houses and other such purpose built structures have an enduring sense of place that can be adapted to modern urban architecture providing emphasis, taking advantage of views and working within small constrained sites to re-densify inner cities.
The idea of a marker building can be used within larger scale developments in a similar way to Italian hilltowns to establish the heart of the scheme, whilst adding value through the provision of high-value apartments, taking advantage of views. Alternatively where sites a tight or overly constrained they can offer the opportunity to add value as singular elements where planning may support a tall slim element that doesn’t obstruct views and touches the ground lightly, allowing for increased public realm and green space.
Naturally a campanile form can be adopted at large scale to define a place and establish a new benchmark, as with the design for the La Perouse Development in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Sakhalin Island, however looking to retain a smaller scale can assist with some of the issues currently confronting London Development as noted below:
-A small scale tower, strategically located on the site can add a signature element for a comparatively small cost, as part of a larger scale development.
-As a singular element, designed as 9 duplex units (18 storey) the tower could bring back into use many of the smaller sites and theoretically would be below the Affordable Housing threshold.
-The footprint of the tower allows for maximum public realm and green space, which depending on the nature of adjacent sites could add significant value to the overall public realm and be encouraged by local authorities.
-Significant views within London are often attainable above 5-6 floors offering added marketing strength.
-Using smaller elements within a development allows for phasing opportunities to improve cash flow.