Sanya Resort Masterplan
Sanya Island, Hainan Province, China
Rutherford Harvey Architecture / 2Define
Residential -975,000m², Hotel-148,000m²
Sanya Island is a tropical paradise, comparable to Hawaii, Tahiti and any other world class resort island. Known for its clear air, year round pleasant climate, white sand beaches and tropical rainforest, Sanya Island is an international holiday destination. Sanya Island Resort City comprises 3 phases; Phase 1 is a residential led development along the long beachfront, Phase 2 is a reclaimed peninsula with signature hotel tower, residential, retail and cultural facilities, and Phase 3 is an archipelago of connected islands with a similar mix to Phase 2.
As a popular tourist destination the population of Sanya swells dramatically during the high season. Accommodation as well as the many beaches run the risk of over crowding. To accommodate the increasing number of Chinese and international tourists, the masterplan looks to providing both the necessary hotels and apartments, whilst also increasing the available beaches, marinas and coastline. Added culture and leisure spaces, together with significant retail add to the overall offer ensuring Sanya’s longevity as a world class destination. This southern island location offers a panorama of the nightsky, with a myriad of constellations not visible in the cities. Surprising and invigorating at each return visit, it is this inspiration that determines the form of the Phase 3 archipelago. A collection of stars, each with their own character, linked to form a cohesive community.
Responding to the need for views towards the water for all hotel rooms and residential apartments, two concepts were conceived. 1. A future City idea that focuses on each constellation island comprising a low defined perimeter and built up centre providing outward sea views for all accommodations. The towers are located within the centre of the island upon a raised plinth. 2. A sea anemone concept that focuses on establishing a double loaded perimeter with all accommodations achieving sea or lagoon views. Where the lagoon also includes cultural facilities as an alternative to the beach environment. The temperate climate leads to a focus on natural ventilation and “breath-able spaces” as the basis of the sustainable strategy, coupled with generous green spaces, walking paths, cycle routes and public transport initiatives including water based transport. In addition the collection of solar energy and rain water together with other proven technologies will be integrated into the design for each island and building cluster.